Quotations. I hadn’t realised that they were so numerous as you apparently found them.”

–– C. S. Lewis on The Pilgrim’s Regress in a letter to Arthur Greeves, 17 December 1932


An index to public names

in C. S. Lewis, Surprised by Joy


(chapter-and-paragraph numbers)



“Public names” in C. S. Lewis’s autobiography Surprised by Joy (1955) are all names which are assumed to have any degree of public currency of their own. “Names” include titles of published writings and works of musical or pictorial art. These titles are linked to their authors, except, of course, in the case of anonymous works.


Several names, while given in full here, are in fact “hidden” in the book. This means that they may not be actually found in one or more of the places referred to. For example, two of the three references to Keats’s Endymion refer to lines from that poem quoted without mention either of Keats or of Endymion.


References in bold type indicate items on which some further details are given on my web page Quotations and Allusions in Surprised by Joy. Many of these bold-type figures refer to “hidden” locations.


The present list refers to chapter and paragraph numbers, so that it can (presumably) be used with any edition. Abbreviations: Pr = Preface, Ep = Epigraph. If you prefer a list with page numbers for the book’s first edition, click here. If you wish both page numbers and chapter-and-paragraph numbers, click here. Corrections and additions are welcome.


Arend Smilde

Utrecht, The Netherlands





Absolute and Abitofhell (1913) > Knox

Aeneid > Virgil

Aeschylus (525–456 bc) IX.20, XII.14, XIV.3

Alanus ab Insulis (Alain de Lille, 1114–1203)  XIV.6

Alexander, Samuel W. (1859–1938), Space, Time and Deity XIV.9, XIV.10

All’s Well That Ends Well (c. 1600) > Shakespeare

Amulet, The Story of the - (1906) > Nesbit

‘Anactoria’, in Poems and Ballads (1866) > Swinburne

The Anatomy of Melancholy (1621) > Burton

Andersen, Hans Christian (1805–1875) X.3

Anstey, F. (Thomas Anstey Guthrie, 1856–1934), Vice Versa II.12, II.19

Ants, Bees and Wasps (1882) > Lubbock

Apology > Plato

Apology for Smectymnuus (1642) > Milton

Apuleius, Lucius (c. 125–170) IX.23

Aristotle (384–322 bc) VII.13, XII.12

Arnold, Matthew (1822–1888),Sohrab and Rustum’ III.12, V.2; ‘Thyrsis’ XII.3; Essays in Criticism XII.3; ‘Empedocles on Etna’ XIII.11

Arnold, Thomas (1795–1882) III.10

St. Augustine (Aurelius Augustinus, 354–430), Confes­sions Pr.2, XV.Ep

Austen, Jane (1775–1817) X.3; Northanger Abbey XIII.7

Bacchae > Euripides

Bacon, Francis (1561–1626) XIV.4

Ball, Sir Robert Stawell (1840–1913) IV.11

Barfield, Arthur Owen (1898–1997) XIII.4–5, XIII.13–17, XIV.1–2, XIV.17, XV.7; Poetic Diction XIII.4

Beardsley, Aubrey (1872–1898) XI.12

Becker, Wilhelm Adolf (1796–1846), Charicles IV.17

Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770–1826) XIII.1

Bekker see Becker

Ben Hur (1880) > Wallace

Benjamin Bunny (1904) > Potter

Beowulf (Old English poem) IX.3, IX.23

Bergson, Henri (1859–1941) XIII.1, XIII.11, XIII.20

Berkeley, George (1685–1753) XIV.14

Betjeman, John (1906–1984) V.13, XIII.3

Bible I.5, X.15; Exodus XIV.20; II Kings X.15; Job XIV.23; Psalms XIII.1; Ezekiel XIV.20; Matthew IV.17, XIII.14; Mark XIV.19 ; Luke XI.3, XI.18; XIV.19, XIV.23; John XIV.19

The Book of Common Prayer (1662) I.5, V.9

Bosanquet, Bernard (1848–1923) XIII.18

Boswell, James (1740–1795) IX.18, XII.4, XV.7

Bradley, Francis Herbert (1846–1924) XIII.18, XIV.14

Bridges, Robert Seymour (1844–1930), The Testament of Beauty XIII.17

Brontë sisters X.3; Jane Eyre X.3

Browne, Thomas (1605–1682) XIV.4

Browning, Robert (1812–1889), Paracelsus 59 / IV.1, ‘Cleon’ XI.1

Bunyan, John (1628–1688), The Pilgrim’s Progress XIII.10

Burke, Edmund (1729–1797) II.17

Burton, Robert (1577–1640), Anatomy of Melancholy IX.18

Butler, Samuel (1835–1902), Erewhon VI.21

Byron, George Gordon, Lord (1788–1824), Don Juan XIV.4

du Cange, Charles du Fresne (1610–1688) XIV.6

Caesar, Gaius Julius (100–44 bc) IX.20

The Captain (periodical) II.15

Carlyle, Thomas (1795–1881) XIII.11

Catullus, Valerius (87–c. 57 bc) IX.20

Centuries of Meditations (first published 1908) > Traherne

Chanson de Roland XIV.4

Charicles, or Illu­strations of the Private Life of the Ancient Greeks (1895, original German edition 1840) > Becker 

Chaucer, Geoffrey (c. 1340–1400), Canterbury Tales VII.15, IX.13

Chénier, André de (1762–1794) IX.23

Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stan­hope, Lord (1694–1773) VI.7, IX.Ep

Chesterton, Gilbert Keith (1874–1936) II.11, VI.16, VII.3, VII.21, VIII.7, XII.12–13, XIV.3; Manalive VII.21; The Ever­lasting Man XIV.15, XV.7

Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106–43 bc) II.17, IX.20

‘Cleon’ (1855) > Browning

The Cloud of Unknowing (14th century) I.15

Coghill, Nevill Henry Kendall (1899–1980) 201 / XIV.2–3

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772–1834) I.2, XIII.10

‘The Collar’ (1633) > Herbert

Comparetti, Domenico (1835–1927), Vergil in the Middle Ages XIV.6

Comus (1637) > Milton

Confessiones (397–401) > Augustine

Les Confessions (1782) > Rousseau

A Connecticut Yankee at King Arthur’s Court (1889) > Twain

Le Contrat Social (1762) > Rousseau

Corpus Poeticum Boreale (1883) VII.18

The Crock of Gold (1912) > Stephens

Crusius, Martin (1526–1607), Lexicon barbaro-græcum IX.17

Dante Alighieri (1265–1321) XIV.5, XIV.17; Inferno II.10, III.12, IX.20, XIII.19

Darkness and Dawn (1891) > Farrar

Defoe, Daniel 1660–1731), Robinson Crusoe XIII.Ep

Demosthenes (c. 450 bc) IX.20

De rerum natura > Lucretius

Dickens, Charles (1812–1870) I.2, X.3

Disney, Walt (1901–1966) X.3

La Divina Commedia (c. 1315) > Inferno > Dante

Don Juan (1819–1824) > Byron

Donne, John (1572–1631) XIV.4

Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan (1859–1930), Sir Nigel I.13

The Dream of the Rood (Old English poem) XIV.4

Dunbar, William (c. 1460–c. 1513) XIII.1

Dyson, Henry Victor Dyson (1896–1975) 147, 204, 212 / X.5, XIV.6, XIV.17

Earle, John (1601–1665),A Scepticke in Religion’ II.10

The Earthly Paradise (1868–1870) > Morris

Eckermann, Johann Peter (1792–1884) XV.7

Edda V.11, XI.1

‘Empedocles on Etna’ (1852) > Arnold, Matthew

Endymion (1818) > Keats

English Grammar for Beginners (1897) > West

Erewhon (1872) > Butler

Eros und Agape (1930–1937) > Nygren

The Essays of Elia (1823–1833) > Lamb

Euripides (c. 480–406 bc) 137 / IX.20; Bacchae VII.17; Hippolytus XIV.8

The Everlasting Man (1925) > Chesterton

The Faerie Queene (1596) > Spenser

Farrar, Frederic William (1831–1903), Darkness and Dawn II.15

Fitzgerald, Edward (1809–1883), The Rubáiyát of ‘Omar Khayyám VII.18

Five Children – and It (1902) > Nesbit

The Forsyte Saga (1922) > Galsworthy

Fox, Adam (1883–1977) 220 / XV.6

Frazer, Sir James George (1854–1941), The Golden Bough IX.15, XIV.15

The Free Man’s Worship (1903) > Russell

Galsworthy, John (1867–1933), The Forsyte Saga III.3

Gawain and the Green Knight, Sir -  (late 14th century) III.Ep, IX.23, XIV.17

Gibbon, Edward (1737–1794) XIV.3

The Gladiators (??)II.15

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749–1832) XIII.1, XV.7; Faust IX.20

The Golden Bough: A Study in Comparative Religion (1890–1915) > Frazer

The Golden String (1954) > Griffiths

Goldsmith, Oliver (c. 1728–1774) VII.Ep

Green, Thomas Hill (1836–1882) XIII.18

Griffiths, Alan Richard (Dom Bede Grif­fiths, 1906–1993) XIV.17; The Golden String XV.7

Guerber, Hélène Adeline (1859–1929), Myths of the Norsemen V.11

Gulliver’s Travels (1726) > Swift

Haggard, Sir Henry Rider (1856–1925) II.15

Hamlet (c. 1602) > Shakespeare

Hardy, Thomas (1840–1928) XIII.11

The Harrovians (1913) > Lunn

Hay, Ian (John Hay Beith, 1876–1952) VII.3

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1770–1831) XIV.14

Heinrich von Ofterdingen (1802) > Novalis

Henry IV, second part (1600) > Shakespeare

Herbert, George (1593–1633) XIV.4, XIV.17;The Collar’ IV.Ep, IV.7;Sin’ XII.13

Herodotus (c. 485–c. 425) IV.19, IX.18, IX.20

Herrick, Robert (1591–1674) IX.23

The High History of the Holy Grail (15th century) IX.23

Hilton, Walter (?–1396), The Scale of Perfection IV.8, XI.4, XV.10

Hippolytus > Euripides

A History of English Literature from Beowulf to Swinburne (1912) > Lang

Homer (c. 800 bc) III.12, V.15, IX.20, XII.17; Iliad III.12, IX.17, IX.21; Odyssey IX.21

Hooker, Richard (1554–1600) XIV. 5

Horatius Flaccus, Quintus (65–8 bc) IX.17; Odes VII.17; Ars poetica XIV.2

Iliad > Homer

‘The Imagination’s Pride’ (1921) > de la Mare

Inferno (Divina Commedia I) > Dante

In Memoriam (1850) > Tennyson

Jacobs, William Wymark (1863–1943) I.2

Jane Eyre (1847) > Brontë sisters

Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (1886) > Stevenson

Jenkin, Alfred Kenneth Hamilton (1900–1980) XIII.3, XIII.17, XV.6

The Jew of Malta (c. 1590) > Marlowe

Johnson, Samuel (1709–1784) VII.21, VIII.7, IX.3, X.15, XII.4, XIV.3, XV.7

Jonson, Ben (1572–1637) 176 / XII. 4

Kalevala (1835–1849) > Lönnrot

Kant, Immanuel (1724–1804) XIII.1

Keats, John (1795–1821) 12 / I.2; Endymion X.17, XI.15, XI.18

Knox, Ronald (1888–1957), Absolute and Abitofhell IV.6

Lamb, Charles (1775–1834), II.4; The Essays of Elia IX.18

Lang, Andrew (1844–1912), A History of English Literature from Beowulf to Swinburne IX.18

Langland, William (1331–1400) XIV.4

Laxdale Saga IX.23

Lexicon barbaro-græcum > Crusius

The Life and Death of Jason (1867) > Morris

Lockhart, John Gibson (1794–1854), Life of Scott VIII.10, XV.7

‘Locksley Hall’ (1842) > Tennyson

Lohengrin (1850) > Wagner

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth (1807–1882), ‘The Saga of King Olaf’ I.17; ‘Tegnér’s Drapa’ I.17, V.4

Lönnrot, Elias (1802–1884), Kalevala II.3, IX.23

‘The Lotos-Eaters’ (1832) > Tennyson

Lucretius Carus, Titus (98–55 bc) IX.20, XI.8; De rerum natura IV.11, XI.7

‘Lucretius’ (1868) > Tennyson

Lunn, Sir Arnold Henry Moore (1888–1974), The Harrovians VI.9

McCabe, Joseph Martin (1867–1955) IX.15

MacDonald, George (1824–1905) XII.13, XIV.3, XIV.17–18; Phantastes XI.17–18, XII.10; Un­spoken Sermons XIV.Ep

Macrobius (c. 400 A.D.) XIV.6

Maeterlinck, Maurice (1862–1949) XI.11

Mallet, Paul Henri (1730–1807), Northern Antiquities V.11

Malory, Sir Thomas (c. 1400–1471), Le Morte Darthur IX.22–23, XI.18, XIII.1

Manalive (1912) > Chesterton

Mandeville, Sir John de > Travels

Mare, Walter de la (1873–1956), ‘The Imagination’s Pride’ XIII.9

Marlowe, Christopher (1564–1593) Tamburlaine the Great, IV.1; The Jew of Malta X.9

Martialis, Marcus Valerius (c. 40–c. 104) II.17

Meredith, George (1828–1909) I.2

Mill, John Stuart (1806–1873) XIV.3

Milton, John (1608–1674) VII.18, IX.23, XI.7, XIV.3; Apology for Smectymnuus VII.16;Paradise Lost I.Ep, I.15, VII.4, VII.109; Comus II.8, X.6

Mitchison, Naomi (1897–1999) VII.4

Modern Painters IV (1856) > Ruskin

Montaigne, Michel Eyquem de (1533–1592) XII.Ep

Morris, William (1834–1896) VII.3, IX.21, IX.23, X.17, XI.5, XI.9, XI.18, XIII.1; Sigurd the Volsung X.17; The Well at the World’s End X.17; The Life and Death of Jason X.17; The Earthly Paradise X.17, XI.11

Morte Darthur > Malory

‘Morte d’Arthur’ (1842) > Tennyson

‘Muiopotmos’ (1592) > Spenser

Murray, George Gilbert Ayme (1866–1957) XIII.17

Myths and Legends of the Teutonic Race > Rolleston

Myths of the Norsemen (1908) > Guerber

Nesbit, Edith (1858–1924), Five Children – and It, The Phoenix and the Carpet, The Amulet  I.13

The Newcomes (1853) > Thackeray

Northanger Abbey (1818) > Austen

Northern Antiquities (1770) > Mallet

Novalis (Friedrich von Hardenberg, 1772–1801), Heinrich von Ofterdingen I.4

Nygren, Anders (1890–1977), Eros und Agape XIII.18

‘Ode. Intimations of Immortality’ (1807) > Wordsworth

Odyssey > Homer

Odyssey (1726) > Pope

Othello (c. 1604) > Shakespeare

Paradise Lost (1667) > Milton

Parsifal (1882) > Wagner

Pascal, Blaise (1623–1662) XIV.5

Paul (Apostle) IV.7

Pearl 115 / VIII.Ep

Per Amica Silentia Lunae (1917) > Yeats

Peter Rabbit (1902) > Potter

Phantastes (1858) > MacDonald

Phineas Phinn (1869) > Trollope

The Phoenix and the Carpet (1904) > Nesbit

The Pilgrim’s Progress (1678–1684) > Bunyan

Plato (427–347 bc) VII.12, XIV.3, XIV.5, XIV17, XV.7; Apology XII.14

Poetic Diction (1928) > Barfield

Pope, Alexander (1688–1744), Odyssey (1725–1726) V.5

Potter, Beatrix (1866–1943) I.13; Squirrel Nutkin I.16; Peter Rabbit II.15; Benjamin Bunny V.14

Powicke, Sir Maurice (1879–1963) IX.21

The Prelude (1850) > Wordsworth

Punch (periodical) I.13

Quo Vadis (1896) > Sienkiewicz

Rackham, Arthur (1867–1939) III.13, V.4, V.7

Rheingold > Rhinegold > Wagner

The Rhinegold & the Valkyrie (1910) > Wagner

Der Ring des Nibelungen (1876) > Wagner

Robinson Crusoe (1719) > Defoe

Rolleston, T. W. (1857–1920), Myths and Legends of the Teutonic Race V.11

Ronsard, Pierre de (1524–1585) IX.23

Rosa Alchemica (1897) > Yeats

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712–1778), Les Confessions Pr.2, XII.4; Le Contrat Social XII.4

The Rubáiyát of ‘Omar Khayyám (1859) > Fitzgerald

Ruskin, John (1819–1900) X.9; Modern Painters X.4

Russell, Bertrand Arthur William, Lord (1872–1970), A Free Man’s Worship XIII.11, XIII.17

‘The Saga of King Olaf’, in Tales of a Wayside Inn (1863) > Longfellow

Saki (H. H. Munro, 1870–1916) IV.13

Santayana, George (1863–1952) XI.6

The Scale of Perfection (1494) > Hilton

‘A Scepticke in Religion’, in Microcosmographie (1628) > Earle

Schopenhauer, Arthur (1788–1860) IX.15, XII.4, XIII.11

Scott, Sir Walter (1771–1832) VIII.10, XV.7; Waverley novels X.3

Shakespeare, William (1564–1616) VIII.4, XIV.14; Othello I.2; The Tempest I.13; All’s Well That Ends Well VI.15; Henry IV, second part XIII.1; Hamlet XIII.5, XV.8

Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950) VII.3, XI.7, XI.9, XIV.3; John Bull’s Other Island VII.3

Shelley, Percy Bysshe (1792–1822) I.2; The Triumph of Life XIII.1

Sidney, Sir Philip (1554–1586), Arcadia IX.23

Siegfried (1857) > Wagner

Siegfried and the Twilight of the Gods (1911) > Wagner

Sienkiewicz, Henryk (1846–1916), Quo Vadis II.15

Sigurd the Volsung and The Fall of the Nibelungs, The Story of - (1876) > Morris

‘Sin’ (1633) > Herbert

‘Sir Aldingar’ (1765) XI.Ep

Sir Nigel (1906) > Doyle

Socrates (469–399 bc) XV.7

‘Sohrab and Rustum’ (1853) > Arnold

Song of Songs 41 / 16

Sophocles (497–406 bc) IX.20

Space, Time and Deity (1920) > Alexander

Spenser, Edmund (1522–1599) VII.15, IX.23, XI.18, XIV.3; ‘Muiopotmos’ I.12; The Faerie Queene 139, IX.22, X.Ep, XI.11

Spinoza, Baruch de (1632–1677) XIII.19

Squirrel Nutkin (1903) > Potter

Steiner, Rudolf (1861–1925) XIII.14

Stephens, James (1882–1950), The Crock of Gold VII.17

Sterne, Laurence (1713–1768), Tristram Shandy VIII.4, IX.18

Stevenson, Robert Louis (1850–1894), Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde VIII.1

Sullivan, Sir Arthur Seymour (1842–1900) V.6

‘Surprised by Joy’ (1815) > Wordsworth

Swift, Jonathan (1667–1745), Gulliver’s Travels I.13

Swinburne, Algernon Charles (1837–1909), ‘Anactoria’ XI.12

Tacitus, Cornelius (c. 55–120) IX.20, XI.18

Taliessin through Logres (1938) > Williams

Tamburlaine the Great (c. 1587) > Marlowe

‘Tegnér’s Drapa’, in The Seaside and the Fireside (1849) > Longfellow

The Tempest (c. 1611) > Shakespeare

Tenniel, Sir John (1820–1914) I.13

Tennyson, Alfred, Lord (1809–1892), In Memoriam A.H.H., ‘Locksley Hall’, ‘The Lotos-Eaters’, ‘Morte d’Arthur’ I.2; ‘Lucretius’ IX.19

The Testament of Beauty (1929) > Bridges

Thackeray, William Makepeace (1811–1863), The Newcomes X.3

Times Educational Supplement 24 / II.Ep

Tiziano Vecellio (c. 1490–1576) XIII.1

Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel (1892–1973) 138, 204, 212 / IX.21, XIV.6, XIV.17

Tolstoj, Lev I.2

Traherne, Thomas (1637–1674) I.14; Centuries of Meditations V.Ep

The Travels of Sir John Mandeville (c. 1375) IX.23

Tristram Shandy, The Life and Opinions of - (1760–1767) > Sterne

Trollope, Anthony (1815–1882) 19 / I.12; Phineas Phinn I.2

Twain, Mark (1835–1910), A Connecticut Yankee at King Arthur’s Court 20 / I.13

Unspoken Sermons > MacDonald

Vergil in the Middle Ages (1872, 1895) > Comparetti

Vice Versa: or a Lesson to Fathers (1882) > Anstey

Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro, 70–19 bc) IX.20, XIV.3; Aeneid VII.17, IX.3, X.2

Voltaire (François Marie Arouet, 1694–1778) IX.23, XI.7, XIV.3

Wagner, Richard (1813–1883) VII.3, X.17, XI.1; Der Ring des Nibelungen V.5–6, XI.2; Lohengrin V.6; Parsifal V.6; Siegfried XIV.21; The Rhinegold & the Valkyrie (= Ring, vols. 1 & 2, translation by Margaret Armour with illustrations by Arthur Rackham), XI.2; Siegfried & the Twilight of the Gods (= Ring, vols. 3 & 4, Armour/Rackham edition) V.4–5, V.7

Walton, Izaak (1593–1683) IX.23

Walküre > Valkyrie > Wagner

Wallace, Lewis (1827–1905), Ben Hur II.15

Webster, John (c. 1580–c. 1634) VI.Ep

The Well at the World’s End (1896) > Morris

Wells, Herbert George (1866–1946) II.15, III.1, IV.11, XIV.3

West, Alfred S. (18..–19..), English Grammar for Beginners II.15

Williams, Charles (1886–1945), Taliessin through Logres V.3

Wilde, Oscar (1854–1900) XI.12

Wodehouse, Pelham Granville (1881–1975) IV.68

Wordsworth, William (770–1850) Title page, I.14, XV.10; ‘Surprised by Joy’ Title page; The Prelude XI.2, XII.11, XIII.8; ‘Ode. Inti­ma­tions of Immortality’ XI.1

Wren, Sir Christopher (1632–1723) XIII.1

Yeats, William Butler (1865–1939) VII.18, XI.18, XIII.1; Rosa Alchemica XI.11; Per Amica Silentia Lunae XI.11

Yonge, Charlotte Mary (1823–1901) IX.21